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Footballers ‘prefer’ Turkey due to low income tax rate

Turkey is one the most preferred countries among football players as the income tax rate in the country is lower than that in Europe, a professor said.

In December, the Turkish parliament approved a code that football players in Turkey’s Super Lig will be tied to 15 percent income tax until Dec. 31, 2019.

“So many European football players and managers prefer Turkey because of low tax rates,” said Sebahattin Devecioglu, associate professor at Faculty of Sports Sciences in Firat University.

He stated that the aim of lowering the tax rate is to boost the quality of Turkish Super Lig by attracting more European stars.

Back-to-back Super Lig champions Besiktas signed 32-year-old Spanish striker Alvaro Negredo, who had played for Spain’s Real Madrid and Valencia, and English Premier League title contender Manchester City.

Super Lig title contenders Galatasaray signed 32-year-old French striker Bafetimbi Gomis. During his career, Gomis played for French clubs Olympique Lyon and Olympique Marseille and England’s Swansea City.

Fenerbahce added 33-year-old French winger Mathieu Valbuena, who has played for Olympique Marseille and Olympique Lyon.

Increasing brand value

In addition to Valbuena, Fenerbahce strengthened their offense with 32-year-old Spanish striker Roberto Soldado. He is a former player of English club Tottenham Hotspur and Real Madrid. He has also played for Spain’s Valencia before moving to Tottenham.

Additionally, French left-back Gael Clichy joined Istanbul-based club Medipol Basaksehir in July 2017. The 32-year-old defender previously played for English Premier League clubs Arsenal and Manchester City.

“The regulations like this are needed for developing and supporting sports in Turkey and increasing brand value of the league”, Devecioglu added.

Players in Germany, Spain, Italy and England, where level of competition is higher than the Turkish Super Lig, are paying more income tax than their co-workers in Turkey.

KPMG Football Benchmark’s video revealed that the expenditure of the Turkish club for a player, who earns net 1 million euros ($1.18 million) per annum, is 1.19 million euros ($1.41 million).

Meanwhile this figure in Germany tallies 1.9 million euros ($2.25 million). In Spain the cost is nearly similar to the one in Germany, as the figure is 1.91 million euros ($2.26 million). In Italy this figure has boosted to 1.97 million euros ($2.33 million) and it climbs to 2.12 million euros ($2.51 million) in England.

However, France is holding the record cost since a player in the French top division Ligue 1, who bags net 1 million euros per year, costs 2.74 million euros ($3.24 million) to his club.

Tax fraud claims

Devecioglu also talked about tax fraud claims in Europe as several star players such as Barcelona forward Lionel Messi, Real Madrid star Cristiano Ronaldo and defender Marcelo and midfielder Luka Modric were accused of tax evasion.

“Last year Panama files were published. Barcelona striker Lionel Messi and his father, who is Messi’s agent, faced court over tax evasion claims for investing his income in offshore banks,” he added.

Messi was found guilty for exploiting his image rights that he earned in 2007, 2008 and 2009. Messi and his father Jorge Horacio were charged for defrauding Spain of 4.1 million euros ($4.85 million).

The court in Barcelona found out that the duo used tax havens in Belize and Uruguay.

Messi rejected tax evasion claims but the court gave him 21-month prison sentence. Later, a Supreme Court in Spain swapped the jail sentence with the fine.

The professor said insufficient legislative regulations have led to the formation of an informal economy in football. “Money laundering is still there in football and this cannot be controlled.”


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Euro 2016 FAVORİSİ FRANSA (% 21,5)


Türkiyenin Euro 2016 Kupasını Kazanma İhtimali ( %1.1)

Innsbruck Üniversitesi ” “Empirical and Experimental Economics” Araştırma Platformunu yapmış olduğu: “Predictive bookmaker consensus model for the UEFA Euro 2016 ” ( UEFA Euro 2016 için Öngörülü Bahis Oybirliği Modeli ) isimli çalışmaya göre;

10 Haziran, Temmuz 2016 da Avrupa’nın en iyi 10 arasında yer alan futbol takımları Fransa’da için bir araya gelecek; UEFA Avrupa Şampiyonası 2016 ( Euro 2016). Turnuvasında Avrupa Şampiyonu belirlemek için 24 takım yarışacak. İlk kez, takım sayısı artan önceki beş Euro turnuvalarda olduğu gibi 16 takım arasından kazanan olasılığı tahmin etmek için; Her takımın bir öngörü modeli 19 online bahis oranlarına dayalı yapılan araştırmada; Favori olarak tahmini kazanma ihtimali en yüksek (% 21,5,) oranla ev sahibi Fransa olarak belirlenmiş, Mevcut Dünya şampiyonu Almanyanın (% 20.1.) oranla ikinci, Avrupa Şampiyonu İspanya (% 13.7) oranla üçüncü sırada yer aldığı ve kupayı kazanma ihtimali oranları İngiltere için (% 9.2) Belçika için (% 7.7). olarak belirlenmiştir. Çalışmada Türkiyenin Kupayı Kazanma ihtimali Türkiye ( % 1.1) olarak 14. Sırada gösterilmiştir.

Araştırma da ; A Grubunda Fransa, B Grubunda İngiltere, C Grubunda Almanya, D Grubunda İspanya, E Grubunda Belçika, F gurubunda Portekiz Gurup Favorileri olarak belirlenmiştir.

Ayrıca, çalışmada simülasyonlar ile bahis konsensüs sonuçlarını tamamlayarak ikili tahmin olasılıklarına göre ;

Euro 2016 Fransa ve Almanyanın yarı final oynama ihtimali (% 7.8) olduğu, yarı finali kazanma ihtimali Fransa için (% 50,5 ) olduğu ifade edilmektedir. Finali İspanya Fransa arasında oynama ihtimali ( % 5.7) Almanya- İspanya ( % 5,4 ) olarak belirlenmiştir.

( Çev: Doç.Dr.Sebahattin Devecioğlu, 09.06.2016 ).

Kaynak : Achim Zeileis, Christoph Leitner, Kurt Hornik “Predictive bookmaker consensus model for the UEFA Euro 2016” Working Papers in Economics and Statistics 2016-15

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Turkey – The Rising Star of Golf 2015

We are delighted to present our report on golf in Turkey, one of today’s most successful golf tourism destinations in the past decade globally. With its 18 golf clubs and 6,776 golfers, today Turkey represents a golf market in its infancy that still relies heavily on international golf tourism. However, in light of a progressing tourism industry and favourable climatic conditions, together with its highly successful junior golf programme, and commitment of industry stakeholders to further the development of golf in the country through various initiatives. We believe that golf in Turkey has a great development potential.

In the autumn of 2015, KPMG’s Golf Advisory Practice interviewed key market players and queried all golf course managers and operators currently active in Turkey to gain an understanding of their operations and their future expectations about the golf market.

Some key highlights of our findings include:

Supply for and demand of golf in Turkey is mainly concentrated in Belek (Antalya Province). With 11 golf clubs and its 16 courses (18-hole equivalent) and a total of 513,000 rounds played at these facilities in 2014, Belek represents one of the fastest growing Mediterranean golf tourism destinations;
While in Istanbul and Ankara over 90% of rounds are played by members, at clubs located in tourist regions around 2% of the rounds played are member rounds with the rest generated by green fees (mostly international golf tourists);
With more than 32,000 rounds played in Belek at an 18-hole (or equivalent) golf course on average, this region is one of the best performing golf markets in Europe.

Turkey’s choice of Belek for the development of such a major golf cluster, at least in European terms, has proven to be successful within the country and the golfing world. With further courses in the country’s planning stage, and Belek being Turkey’s most prominent golf destination, there is a wealth of acquired knowledge and experience in this region on which Turkey can capitalise to grow its overall golf market. We would like to express our appreciation to Turkish Airlines and the Turkish Golf Federation for their support during the course of preparation of this report and to all of the golf course managers and operators who have contributed to this research.

If you would like to receive any clarification or discuss the survey results, please feel free to contact the Golf Benchmark Team.

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Turkey qualify for Euro 2016

Turkey seal Euro 2016 qualification as best third-placed team after dramatic late victory over Iceland Turkey secure late qualification for Euro 2016 as best third-placed side Last-gasp 1-0 win over Iceland sealed place in France for the Turks Best qualifying record of any third-placed sides means they avoid play-offs Iceland finish second in Group A […]

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